Characterisation of particle single-scattering albedo with a modified airborne dual-wavelength CAPS monitor

Yu, Chenjie; Pangui, Edouard; Tu, Kevin; Cazaunau, Mathieu; Feingesicht, Maxime; Xavier, Landsheere; Bourrianne, Thierry; Michoud, Vincent; Cantrell, Christopher; Onasch, Timothy B.; Freedman, Andrew; Formenti, Paola

Atmospheric aerosols impact the Earth's climate system directly by scattering and absorbing solar radiation, and it is important to characterise the aerosol optical properties in detail. This study reports the development and validation of an airborne dual-wavelength cavity-attenuated phase-shift (CAPS) single monitor, named A2S2 (Aerosol Absorption Spectral Sizer), based on the commercial CAPS single-scattering albedo monitor (CAPS-PMinline-formulaSSA; Aerodyne), to simultaneously measure the aerosol optical scattering and extinction at both 450 and 630 nm wavelengths. Replaced pressure and temperature sensors and an additional flow control system were incorporated into the A2S2 for its utilisation on board research aircraft measuring within the troposphere. The evaluation of A2S2 characteristics was performed in the laboratory and included the investigation of the signal-to-noise ratio, validation of performance at various pressure levels, optical closure studies and intercomparing with the currently validated techniques. The chamber experiments show that the A2S2 can perform measurements at sample pressures as low as 550 hPa and at sample temperatures as high as 315 K. Based on the Allan analysis results, we have evaluated that the minimum detection limit of the measurements shows that the measurements have a limit accuracy of inline-formula∼ 2 inline-formulaMm−1 at 450 nm and inline-formula∼ 1 inline-formulaMm−1 at 630 nm for 1 Hz measurements of both scattering coefficients (inline-formulaσsca) and extinction coefficients (inline-formulaσext). The optical closure study with size-selected polystyrene latex (PSL) particles shows that the truncation error of the A2S2 is negligible for particles with particle volume diameter (inline-formulaDp) inline-formula< 200 nm, while, for the larger sub-micrometre particles, the measurement uncertainty of A2S2 increases but remains less than 20 %. The average factors to correct the truncation error are 1.13 and 1.05 for 450 and 630 nm, respectively. A simplified truncation correction, dependent on the scattering Ångström exponent (SAE), was developed to rectify truncation errors of the future A2S2 field measurement data. The inline-formulaσsca and inline-formulaσext measured by the A2S2 show good agreement with the concurrent measured results from the nephelometer and the CAPS particle extinction monitor (CAPS-PMinline-formulaex). The absorption coefficient (inline-formulaσabs) derived through the extinction-minus-scattering (EMS) method by the A2S2 also corresponds with the results obtained from the aethalometer. The A2S2 was successfully deployed during an aircraft measurement campaign (Atmospheric ChemistRy Of the Suburban foreSt – ACROSS) conducted in the vicinity of Paris and the surrounding regions. The average SSA measured during the entire ACROSS flight campaign is 0.86 and 0.88 at 450 and 630 nm, respectively, suggesting that light-absorbing organic aerosols play a significant role. The average SAE and absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) varied due to measurements in various pollution conditions. The results presented in this study indicate that the A2S2 instrument is reliable for measuring aerosol inline-formulaσsca and inline-formulaσext at both blue and red wavelengths, and it stands as a viable substitute for future airborne evaluations of aerosol optical properties.

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Yu, Chenjie / Pangui, Edouard / Tu, Kevin / et al: Characterisation of particle single-scattering albedo with a modified airborne dual-wavelength CAPS monitor. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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