Retrieval of top-of-atmosphere fluxes from combined EarthCARE LiDAR, imager and broadband radiometer observations: the BMA-FLX product

Velázquez Blázquez, Almudena; Domenech, Carlos; Baudrez, Edward; Clerbaux, Nicolas; Salas Molar, Carla; Madenach, Nils

The Earth Cloud, Aerosol and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE) satellite mission is expected to provide new insights into aerosols, clouds, and radiation. The satellite’s payload include four instruments design to synergistically retrieve vertical profiles of clouds and aerosols, along with the atmospheric radiation data. This will enable the determination of atmospheric heating rates and top-of-atmosphere radiances and fluxes. This paper focuses on the BMA-FLX processor, an algorithm specifically created, developed, and validated to retrieve thermal and solar top-of-atmosphere radiative fluxes from longwave and shortwave radiances, measured along-track by the EarthCARE Broadband Radiometer (BBR) instrument. These measurements are co-registered either at the surface or at the radiatively most significant vertical layer of the atmosphere in cloudy condition (reference level). The Multi-Spectral Imager (MSI) and Atmospheric LiDAR (ATLID) on-board EarthCARE support cloud identification, while meteorological data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts provide the surface and atmospheric necessary information. In the BMA-FLX processor, flux is estimated independently for each BBR view using different approaches for the longwave and shortwave radiances. A combined flux, derived from co-registered radiances at the reference level, is provided as the best estimate for a given scene. The radiance-to-flux conversion algorithms have been successfully validated through end-to-end verification using L1 and L2 synthetic data for three EarthCARE orbits. The BMA-FLX’s objective is to achieve radiative closure for EarthCARE with solar and thermal fluxes within 10 Wm −2.

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Velázquez Blázquez, Almudena / Domenech, Carlos / Baudrez, Edward / et al: Retrieval of top-of-atmosphere fluxes from combined EarthCARE LiDAR, imager and broadband radiometer observations: the BMA-FLX product. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Almudena Velázquez Blázquez et al.

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