Ice-nucleating particle concentration impacts cloud properties over Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, in COSMO-CLM 2

Sauerland, Florian; Souverijns, Niels; Possner, Anna; Wex, Heike; Van Overmeiren, Preben; Mangold, Alexander; Van Weverberg, Kwinten; van Lipzig, Nicole

Ice-nucleating particles (INPs) have an important function in the freezing of clouds, but are rare in East Antarctica with concentrations between 6 × 10 -6 L -1 and 5 × 10 -3 L -1 observed at the Belgian Princess Elisabeth Station. These low concentrations offer a possible explanation for the occurrence of supercooled liquid water in clouds observed using the station's Micro Rain Radar and Ceilometer. We used COSMO-CLM² with an added aerosol-cycle module to test the cloud phase’s sensitivity in response to varying prescribed INP concentrations. We tested two cases, one in austral summer, one in austral winter, and analysed the differences resulting from INP concentration changes for an area around the station and over the Southern Ocean within the selected domain. Our results show a strong influence of the INP concentration on the liquid water path in both regions, with higher concentrations reducing the amount of liquid water. Over the ocean, this effect is stronger during winter: During summer, a significant portion of water remains in liquid state regardless of INP concentration. Over the continent, this effect is stronger during summer: Temperatures in winter frequently fall below -37 °C, allowing homogeneous freezing. The largest increase of the liquid water fraction of total cloud hydrometeor mass is simulated over the ocean in winter, from 9.8 % in the highest tested INP concentration to 50.3 % in the lowest. The radiative effects caused by the INP concentration changes are small with less than 3 W m -2 difference in the averages between different concentrations.



Sauerland, Florian / Souverijns, Niels / Possner, Anna / et al: Ice-nucleating particle concentration impacts cloud properties over Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, in COSMO-CLM2. 2024. Copernicus Publications.


12 Monate:

Grafik öffnen


Rechteinhaber: Florian Sauerland et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung: