Optical and tactile measurements on SiC sample defects

Grundmann, Jana; Bodermann, Bernd; Ermilova, Elena; Weise, Matthias; Hertwig, Andreas; Klapetek, Petr; Rafighdoost, Jila; Pereira, Silvania F.

In power electronics, compound semiconductors with large bandgaps, like silicon carbide (SiC), are increasingly being used as material instead of silicon. They have a lot of advantages over silicon but are also intolerant of nanoscale material defects, so that a defect inspection with high accuracy is needed. The different defect types on SiC samples are measured with various measurement methods, including optical and tactile methods. The defect types investigated include carrots, particles, polytype inclusions and threading dislocations, and they are analysed with imaging ellipsometry, coherent Fourier scatterometry (CFS), white light interference microscopy (WLIM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). These different measurement methods are used to investigate which method is most sensitive for which type of defect to be able to use the measurement methods more effectively. It is important to be able to identify the defects to classify them as critical or non-critical for the functionality of the end product. Once these investigations have been completed, the measurement systems can be optimally distributed to the relevant defects in further work to realize a hybrid analysis of the defects. In addition to the identification and classification of defects, such a future hybrid analysis could also include characterizations, e.g. further evaluation of ellipsometric data by using numerical simulations.

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Grundmann, Jana / Bodermann, Bernd / Ermilova, Elena / et al: Optical and tactile measurements on SiC sample defects. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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