Martian column CO 2 and pressure measurement with spaceborne differential absorption lidar at 1.96 µm

Liu, Zhaoyan; Lin, Bing; Campbell, Joel F.; Yu, Jirong; Geng, Jihong; Jiang, Shibin

By utilizing progress in millijoule-level pulsed fiber lasers operating in the 1.96 inline-formulaµm spectral range, we introduce a concept utilizing a spaceborne differential absorption barometric lidar designed to operate within the 1.96 inline-formulaµminline-formulaCO2 absorption band for remote sensing of Martian atmospheric properties. Our focus is on the online wavelength situated in the trough region of two absorption lines, selected due to its insensitivity to laser frequency variations, thus mitigating the necessity for stringent laser frequency stability. Our investigation revolves around a compact lidar configuration, featuring reduced telescope dimensions and lower laser pulse energies. These adjustments are geared towards minimizing costs for potential forthcoming Mars missions. The core measurement objectives encompass the determination of column inline-formulaCO2 absorption optical depth, columnar inline-formulaCO2 abundance, surface atmospheric pressure, and vertical distributions of dust and cloud layers. Through the amalgamation of surface pressure data with atmospheric temperature insights garnered from sounders and utilizing the barometric formula, the prospect of deducing atmospheric pressure profiles becomes feasible. Simulation studies validate the viability of our approach. Notably, the precision of Martian surface pressure measurements is projected to surpass 1 Pa when the aerial dust optical depth is projected to be under 0.7, a typical airborne dust scenario on Mars, considering a horizontal averaging span of 10 km.

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Liu, Zhaoyan / Lin, Bing / Campbell, Joel F. / et al: Martian column CO2 and pressure measurement with spaceborne differential absorption lidar at 1.96 µm. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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