Building Extraction from LiDAR Point Clouds Based on Revised RandLA-Net

Zhang, Yiru; Wang, Tao; Lin, Xiangguo; Zhao, Zihao; Wang, Xiwei

3D building models is crucial for applications in smart cities. Automatic reconstruction of 3D buildings has been investigated based on various data sources. Point clouds from airborne LiDAR scanners can be used to extract buildings data due to its high accuracy and point density. In this paper, we present a methodology to segment buildings and corresponding rooftop structure from point clouds. First, RandLA-Net, which is an efficient and lightweight neural network for semantic segmentation of large-scale point clouds, is revised and adopted for building segmentation. By implementing local feature aggregation of each point, RandLA-Net can effectively preserve geometric details in point clouds. Besides 3D coordinates of point clouds, we incorporated point attributes including pulse intensity and return numbers into the network as additional features. Feature normalizations are applied to the input features. To achieve a better result of the local feature aggregation, hyperparameters of the network are fine-tuned according to the density of points and building size. Based on the classified building point clouds, DBSCAN clustering algorithm is implemented for segmenting individual buildings. Elevation histogram analysis is conducted to determine optimal threshold values for delineating candidate rooftop point clouds of individual buildings. For the buildings with multiple rooftops, multiple elevation threshold values are necessary to extract corresponding rooftops or walls. Then DBSCAN is employed again for segmentation of individual rooftops and denoising of point clouds of each building. Finally, Alpha-shape analysis is applied based on adaptive threshold values to build the envelope of each rooftop. Experiments show that our implementation of building segmentation using RandLA-net achieves higher mean IoU (Intersection over Union) and better classification performance in building segmentation. ISPRS benchmark data was used in our experiment and our methodology produce results with accuracy of 90.79%.

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Zhang, Yiru / Wang, Tao / Lin, Xiangguo / et al: Building Extraction from LiDAR Point Clouds Based on Revised RandLA-Net. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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