Extension, development, and evaluation of the representation of the OH-initiated dimethyl sulfide (DMS) oxidation mechanism in the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCM) v3.3.1 framework

Jacob, Lorrie Simone Denise; Giorio, Chiara; Archibald, Alexander Thomas

Understanding dimethyl sulfide (DMS) oxidation can help us constrain its contribution to Earth's radiative balance. Following the discovery of hydroperoxymethyl thioformate (HPMTF) as a DMS oxidation product, a range of new experimental chamber studies have since improved our knowledge of the oxidation mechanism of DMS and delivered detailed chemical mechanisms. However, these mechanisms have not undergone formal intercomparisons to evaluate their performance.

This study aimed to synthesise the recent experimental studies and develop a new, near-explicit, DMS mechanism, through a thorough literature review. A simple box model was then used with the mechanism to simulate a series of chamber experiments and evaluated through comparison with four published mechanisms. Our modelling shows that the mechanism developed in this work outperformed the other mechanisms on average when compared to the experimental chamber data, having the lowest fractional gross error for 8 out of the 14 DMS oxidation products studied. A box model of a marine boundary layer was also run, demonstrating that the deviations in the mechanisms seen when comparing them against chamber data are also prominent under more atmospherically relevant conditions.

Although this work demonstrates the need for further experimental work, the mechanism developed in this work has been evaluated against a range of experiments, which validate the mechanism and reduce the bias from individual experiments. Our mechanism provides a good basis for a near-explicit DMS oxidation mechanism that would include other initiation reactions (e.g. halogens) and can be used to compare the performance of reduced mechanisms used in global models.

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Jacob, Lorrie Simone Denise / Giorio, Chiara / Archibald, Alexander Thomas: Extension, development, and evaluation of the representation of the OH-initiated dimethyl sulfide (DMS) oxidation mechanism in the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCM) v3.3.1 framework. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Lorrie Simone Denise Jacob et al.

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