Spatio-temporal filtering of jets obscures the reinforcement of baroclinicity by latent heating

Auestad, Henrik; Spensberger, Clemens; Marcheggiani, Andrea; Ceppi, Paulo; Spengler, Thomas; Woollings, Tim

Latent heating modifies the jet stream by modifying the vertical geostrophic wind shear, thereby altering the potential for baroclinic development. Hence, correctly representing diabatic effects is important for modelling the mid-latitude atmospheric circulation and variability. Yet, the direct effects of diabatic heating remain poorly understood. For example, there is no consensus on the effect of latent heating on the cross-jet temperature contrast. We show that this disagreement is attributable to the choice of spatio-temporal filtering. Jet representations relying on filtered wind tend to have the strongest latent heating on the cold flank of the jet, thus weakening the cross-jet temperature contrast. In contrast, jet representations reflecting the two-dimensional instantaneous wind field have the strongest latent heating on the warm flank of the jet. Furthermore, we show that latent heating primarily occurs on the warm flank of poleward directed instantaneous jets, which is the case for all storm tracks and seasons.

Zitieren

Zitierform:

Auestad, Henrik / Spensberger, Clemens / Marcheggiani, Andrea / et al: Spatio-temporal filtering of jets obscures the reinforcement of baroclinicity by latent heating. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

Zugriffsstatistik

Gesamt:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:
12 Monate:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:

Grafik öffnen

Rechte

Rechteinhaber: Henrik Auestad et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:

Export