pH regulates the formation of organosulfates and inorganic sulfate from organic peroxide reaction with dissolved SO 2 in aquatic media

Du, Lin; Lv, Xiaofan; Lily, Makroni; Li, Kun; Tsona Tchinda, Narcisse

Organic peroxides (OPs) are an important component of dissolved organic matter (DOM), detected in various aquatic media. Despite their unique functions as redox agents in water ecosystems, the complete mechanisms and factors controlling their transformation are not explicitly established. Here, we evaluate the pH effect on the aqueous-phase reaction of three selected OPs (methyl hydroperoxide (MHP), peracetic acid (PAA), and benzoyl peroxide (BZP)) with dissolved SOinline-formula2. Results show that due to the presence of the hydroperoxyl group in their structures, MHP and PAA are susceptible to forming inorganic sulfate and organosulfate (methyl sulfate for MHP and acetyl sulfate for PAA) depending on the pH, while BZP exclusively forms organosulfate (benzoyl sulfate) in the pH range investigated. Moreover, it is seen that the ability of PAA to form inorganic sulfate relative to organosulfate is more pronounced, which is supported by a previous experimental observation. The effective rate constants of the transformation of these peroxides within the pH 1–10 and 240–340 K ranges exhibit positive pH and temperature dependencies, and BZP is seen to degrade more effectively than MHP and PAA. In addition to the pH impact, it is highlighted that the formation of organic and/or inorganic sulfate strongly depends on the nature of the substituents on the peroxy function. Namely, PAA and BZP are more reactive than MHP, which may be attributed to the electron-withdrawing effects of -C(O)R (R inline-formula= -CHinline-formula3 and -Cinline-formula6Hinline-formula5 for PAA and BZP, respectively) substituents that activate the peroxy function. The results further indicate that the aqueous-phase degradation of OPs can adequately drive the change in the chemical composition of DOM, both in terms of organic and inorganic sulfate mass fractions.

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Du, Lin / Lv, Xiaofan / Lily, Makroni / et al: pH regulates the formation of organosulfates and inorganic sulfate from organic peroxide reaction with dissolved SO2 in aquatic media. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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