The prototype NOAA Aerosol Reanalysis version 1.0: description of the modeling system and its evaluation

Wei, Shih-Wei; Pagowski, Mariusz; da Silva, Arlindo; Lu, Cheng-Hsuan; Huang, Bo

In this study, we describe the first prototype version of global aerosol reanalysis at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the prototype NOAA Aerosol Reanalysis version 1.0 (pNARA v1.0) that was produced for the year 2016. In pNARA v1.0, the forecast model is an early version of the operational Global Ensemble Forecast System-Aerosols (GEFS-Aerosols) model. The three-dimensional ensemble-variational (3D-EnVar) data assimilation (DA) system configuration is built using elements of the Joint Effort for Data Assimilation Integration (JEDI) framework being developed at the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA). The Neural Network Retrievals (NNR) of aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 550 nm from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments are assimilated to provide reanalysis of aerosol mass mixing ratios. We evaluate pNARA v1.0 against a wide variety of Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations, against the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications 2 (MERRA-2; Gelaro et al., 2017; Randles et al., 2017; Buchard et al., 2017) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service Reanalysis (CAMSRA; Inness et al., 2019), and against measurements of surface concentrations of particulate matter 2.5 (PMinline-formula2.5) and aerosol species. Overall, the 3D-EnVar DA system significantly improves AOD simulations compared with observations, but the assimilation has limited impact on chemical composition and size distributions of aerosols. We also identify deficiencies in the model's representations of aerosol chemistry and their optical properties elucidated from evaluation of pNARA v1.0 against AERONET observations. A comparison of seasonal profiles of aerosol species from pNARA v1.0 with the other two reanalyses exposes significant differences among datasets. These differences reflect uncertainties in simulating aerosols in general.



Wei, Shih-Wei / Pagowski, Mariusz / da Silva, Arlindo / et al: The prototype NOAA Aerosol Reanalysis version 1.0: description of the modeling system and its evaluation. 2024. Copernicus Publications.


12 Monate:

Grafik öffnen


Rechteinhaber: Shih-Wei Wei et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung: