Impacts of a double-moment bulk cloud microphysics scheme (NDW6-G23) on aerosol fields in NICAM.19 with a global 14 km grid resolution

Goto, Daisuke; Seiki, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Kentaroh; Yashiro, Hisashi; Takemura, Toshihiko

In accordance with progression in current capabilities towards high-resolution approaches, applying a convective-permitting resolution to global aerosol models helps comprehend how complex cloud–precipitation systems interact with aerosols. This study investigates the impacts of a double-moment bulk cloud microphysics scheme, i.e., NICAM Double-moment bulk Water 6 developed in this study (NDW6-G23), on the spatiotemporal distribution of aerosols in the Nonhydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model as part of the version-19 series (NICAM.19) with 14 km grid spacing. The mass concentrations and optical thickness of the NICAM-simulated aerosols are generally comparable to those obtained from in situ measurements. However, for some aerosol species, especially dust and sulfate, the differences between experiments of NDW6 and of the NICAM single-moment bulk module with six water categories (NSW6) were larger than those between experiments with different horizontal resolutions (14 and 56 km grid spacing), as shown in a previous study. The simulated aerosol burdens using NDW6 are generally lower than those using NSW6; the net instantaneous radiative forcing due to aerosol–radiation interaction (IRFari) is estimated to be inline-formula−1.36 W minline-formula−2 (NDW6) and inline-formula−1.62 W minline-formula−2 (NSW6) in the global annual mean values at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). The net effective radiative forcing due to anthropogenic aerosol–radiation interaction (ERFari) is estimated to be inline-formula−0.19 W minline-formula−2 (NDW6) and inline-formula−0.23 W minline-formula−2 (NSW6) in the global annual mean values at the TOA. This difference among the experiments using different cloud microphysics modules, i.e., 0.26 W minline-formula−2 or 16 % difference in IRFari values and 0.04 W minline-formula−2 or 16 % difference in ERFari values, is attributed to a different ratio of column precipitation to the sum of the column precipitation and column liquid cloud water, which strongly determines the magnitude of wet deposition in the simulated aerosols. Since the simulated ratios in the NDW6 experiment are larger than those of the NSW6 result, the scavenging effect of the simulated aerosols in the NDW6 experiment is larger than that in the NSW6 experiment. A large difference between the experiments is also found in the aerosol indirect effect (AIE), i.e., the net effective radiative forcing due to aerosol–cloud interaction (ERFaci) from the present to preindustrial days, which is estimated to be inline-formula−1.28 W minline-formula−2 (NDW6) and inline-formula−0.73 W minline-formula−2 (NSW6) in global annual mean values. The magnitude of the ERFaci value in the NDW6 experiment is larger than that in the NSW6 result due to the differences in both the Twomey effect and the susceptibility of the simulated cloud water to the simulated aerosols between NDW6 and NSW6. Therefore, this study shows the importance of the impacts of the cloud microphysics module on aerosol distributions through both aerosol wet deposition and the AIE.

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Goto, Daisuke / Seiki, Tatsuya / Suzuki, Kentaroh / et al: Impacts of a double-moment bulk cloud microphysics scheme (NDW6-G23) on aerosol fields in NICAM.19 with a global 14 km grid resolution. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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