Development of pedestrian collision avoidance strategy based on the fusion of Markov and social force models

Tang, Bin; Yang, Zhengyi; Jiang, Haobin; Hu, Zitian

In urban traffic, accurate prediction of pedestrian trajectory and advanced collision avoidance strategy can effectively reduce the collision risk between intelligent vehicles and pedestrians. In order to improve the prediction accuracy of pedestrian trajectory and the safety of collision avoidance, a longitudinal and lateral intelligent collision avoidance strategy based on pedestrian trajectory prediction is proposed. Firstly, the process of a pedestrian crossing the road is considered as a combination of free motion described by first-order Markov model and the constrained motion presented by improved social force model. The predicted pedestrian trajectory is obtained by weighted fusion of the trajectories of the two models with a multiple linear regression algorithm. Secondly, according to the predicted pedestrian trajectory and time to collision (TTC) the longitudinal and lateral collision avoidance strategy is designed. The improved artificial potential field method is used to plan the lateral collision avoidance path in real time based on the predicted pedestrian position, and a fuzzy controller is constructed to obtain the desired deceleration of the vehicle. Finally, the pedestrian motion fusion model and the longitudinal and lateral collision avoidance strategy are verified by Prescan and Simulink co-simulation. The results show that the average displacement error (ADE) and final displacement error (FDE) of pedestrian trajectory based on pedestrian motion fusion model are smaller compared with a Markov model and improved social force model, and the proposed pedestrian collision avoidance strategy can effectively achieve longitudinal and lateral collision avoidance.

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Tang, Bin / Yang, Zhengyi / Jiang, Haobin / et al: Development of pedestrian collision avoidance strategy based on the fusion of Markov and social force models. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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