Response of soil nutrients and erodibility to slope aspect in the northern agro-pastoral ecotone, China

Wu, Yuxin; Jia, Guodong; Yu, Xinxiao; Rao, Honghong; Peng, Xiuwen; Wang, Yusong; Wang, Yushi; Wang, Xu

Soil erosion, considered a major environmental and social problem, leads to the loss of soil nutrients and the degradation of soil structure and impacts plant growth. However, data on the effects of land use changes caused by vegetation restoration on soil nutrients and erodibility for different slope aspects are limited. This study was conducted to detect the response of soil nutrients and erodibility to slope aspect in a typical watershed in the northern agro-pastoral ecotone in China. The following indexes were used to determine the improvement in soil nutrients and erodibility through a weighted summation method: the comprehensive soil nutrient index and the comprehensive soil erodibility index. The results showed that the vegetation types with the highest comprehensive soil quality index (CSQI) values on western, northern, southern, and eastern slopes were Pinus sylvestris and Astragalus melilotoides (1.45), Caragana korshinskii and Capillipedium parviflorum (2.35), Astragalus melilotoides (4.78), and Caragana korshinskii and Lespedeza bicolor (5.00), respectively. Slope aspect had a significant effect on understory vegetation characteristics, soil nutrients, and soil erodibility. Understory vegetation and soil characteristics explained 50.86 %–74.56 % of the total variance in soil nutrients and the erodibility. Mean weight diameter and total phosphorus were the main factors that affected the CSQI for different slope aspects. Our study suggests that the combinations of species, such as C. korshinskii and L. bicolor, were the optimal selection to improve soil nutrients and soil erodibility for any slope aspect.

Zitieren

Zitierform:

Wu, Yuxin / Jia, Guodong / Yu, Xinxiao / et al: Response of soil nutrients and erodibility to slope aspect in the northern agro-pastoral ecotone, China. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

Zugriffsstatistik

Gesamt:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:
12 Monate:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:

Grafik öffnen

Rechte

Rechteinhaber: Yuxin Wu et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:

Export