On dissipation time scales of the basic second-order moments: the effect on the Energy and Flux-Budget (EFB) turbulence closure for stably stratified turbulence

Kadantsev, Evgeny; Mortikov, Evgeny; Glazunov, Andrey; Kleeorin, Nathan; Rogachevskii, Igor

The dissipation rates of the basic turbulent second-order moments are the key parameters controlling turbulence energetics and spectra, turbulent fluxes of momentum and heat, and playing a vital role in turbulence modelling. In this paper, we use the results of Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) to evaluate dissipation rates of the basic turbulent second-order moments and revise the energy and flux-budget turbulence closure model for stably stratified turbulence. We delve into the theoretical implications of this approach and substantiate our closure hypotheses through DNS data. We also show why the concept of down-gradient turbulent transport becomes incomplete when applied to the vertical turbulent flux of potential temperature under very stable stratification. We reveal essential feedback between turbulent kinetic energy, the vertical flux of buoyancy and turbulent potential energy, which is responsible for maintaining shear-produced stably stratified turbulence up to extreme static stability.

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Kadantsev, Evgeny / Mortikov, Evgeny / Glazunov, Andrey / et al: On dissipation time scales of the basic second-order moments: the effect on the Energy and Flux-Budget (EFB) turbulence closure for stably stratified turbulence. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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