Characteristics and sources of VOCs and the O 3-NO x-VOCs relationships in the central plain city, China

Zhang, Dong; Li, Xiao; Yuan, Minghao; Xu, Yifei; Xu, Qixiang; Su, Fangcheng; Wang, Shenbo; Zhang, Ruiqin

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are important precursors of ozone (O3) generation. Understanding the characteristics, and emission sources of VOCs, and the relationship between VOCs and O3 during O3 pollution are of great significance for O3 pollution control. This study investigated the characteristics, sources, and effects of VOCs on O3 formation in Zhengzhou, Henan Province from 1st to 30th June 2023, and provided recommendations for O3 emission reduction strategies. Two O3 pollution events occurred during the observation period. During the observation period, the concentration of Total VOCs (TVOCs) varied from 9.9 to 60.3 ppbv, with an average of 22.8 ┬▒ 8.3 ppbv. The average concentration of TVOCs in the two pollutionevents were higher than that on the clean days. Six major VOCs sources were identified by using the Positive Matrix Factorization model. Vehicular exhaust (28 %), solvent usage (27 %), and industrial production (22 %) were the main sources. An observation-based mode was applied to explore the O3-precursors relationship and observation-oriented O3 control strategies. The results of relative incremental reactivity (RIR) and empirical kinetics modeling approach showed that the O3 formation in Zhengzhou in June was in anthropogenic VOCs (AVOCs)-limited regimes. VOCs with the largest RIR values, while NOx had a negative RIR value. It was worth noting that the sensitivity of O3 generation to biogenic VOCs (BVOCs) was greater than that of AVOCs. From the perspective of the reduction effect, the reduction ratios of AVOCs/NOx should be no less than 3:1, which was conducive to the reduction of O3 formation.

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Zhang, Dong / Li, Xiao / Yuan, Minghao / et al: Characteristics and sources of VOCs and the O3-NOx-VOCs relationships in the central plain city, China. 2024. Copernicus Publications.

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