Forecasting large hail and lightning using additive logistic regression models and the ECMWF reforecasts

Battaglioli, Francesco; Groenemeijer, Pieter; Tsonevsky, Ivan; Púčik, Tomàš

Additive logistic regression models for lightning (ARinline-formulalig) and large hail (ARinline-formulahail) were developed using convective parameters from the ERA5 reanalysis, hail reports from the European Severe Weather Database (ESWD), and lightning observations from the Met Office Arrival Time Difference network (ATDnet). The models yield the probability of lightning and large hail in a given timeframe over a particular grid point. To explore the value of this approach to medium-range forecasting, the models were applied to the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reforecasts to reconstruct probabilistic lightning and large hail forecasts for 11 ensemble members, from 2008 to 2019 and for lead times up to 228 h. The lightning and large hail models were based on different predictor parameters: most unstable convective available potential energy (CAPE), 925–500 hPa bulk shear, mixed layer mixing ratio, wet bulb zero height (for large hail), most unstable lifted index, mean relative humidity between 850 and 500 hPa, 1 hourly accumulated convective precipitation and specific humidity at 925 hPa (for lightning). First, we compared the lightning and hail ensemble forecasts for different lead times with observed lightning and hail focusing on a recent hail outbreak. Second, we evaluated the predictive skill of the model as a function of forecast lead time using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) as a validation score. This analysis showed that ARinline-formulahail has a very high predictive skill (AUC inline-formula> 0.95) for a lead time up to 60 h. ARinline-formulahail retains a high predictive skill even for extended forecasts (AUC inline-formula= 0.86 at 180 h lead time). Although ARinline-formulalig exhibits a lower predictive skill than ARinline-formulahail, lightning forecasts are also skilful both in the short term (AUC inline-formula= 0.92 at 60 h) and in the medium range (AUC inline-formula= 0.82 at 180 h). Finally, we compared the performance of the 4-dimensional hail model with that of composite parameters such as the significant hail parameter (SHP) or the product of CAPE and the 925–500 hPa bulk shear (CAPESHEAR). Results show that ARinline-formulahail outperforms CAPESHEAR at all lead times and SHP at short-to-medium lead times. These findings suggests that the combination of additive logistic regression models and ECMWF ensemble forecasts can create highly skilful medium-range hail and lightning forecasts for Europe.



Battaglioli, Francesco / Groenemeijer, Pieter / Tsonevsky, Ivan / et al: Forecasting large hail and lightning using additive logistic regression models and the ECMWF reforecasts. 2023. Copernicus Publications.


12 Monate:

Grafik öffnen


Rechteinhaber: Francesco Battaglioli et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung: