Multiyear rainfall variability in the Mono river basin and its impacts on Nangbeto hydropower scheme

Obahoundje, Salomon; Amoussou, Ernest; Youan Ta, Marc; Kouassi, Lazare Kouakou; Diedhiou, Arona

Hydropower energy, the main renewable energy source in West Africa, contributes to more than half of the Togo and Benin National electrification. This resource highly depends on water availability in rivers or reservoirs. The water availability heavily relies on climate patterns of the area. In the climate change context, the sustainability of hydropower plants is at risk. This work aims to assess the sensitivity of the Nangbeto hydropower plant to multiyear climate variability using statistical analysis. The results show that energy generation at Nangbeto hydropower is more modulated by four main variables namely inflow to reservoir, water level, rainfall of the actual and the previous year. The energy generation is found to be strongly and significantly correlated to inflow to reservoir, water level, and rainfall. Overall, the Nangbeto hydropower generation is more sensitive to inflow which is controlled by climate variables (rainfall, temperature) and land use/cover change. Therefore, the probable future change in these variables is suggested to be deeply investigated.

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Obahoundje, Salomon / Amoussou, Ernest / Youan Ta, Marc / et al: Multiyear rainfall variability in the Mono river basin and its impacts on Nangbeto hydropower scheme. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Salomon Obahoundje et al.

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