Modelling earthquake rates and associated uncertainties in the Marmara Region, Turkey

Chartier, Thomas; Scotti, Oona; Lyon-Caen, Hélène; Richard-Dinger, Keith; Dieterich, James H.; Shaw, Bruce E.

Modelling the seismic potential of active faults and the associated epistemic uncertainty is a fundamental step of probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA). We use SHERIFS (Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Rate In Fault Systems), an open-source code allowing us to build hazard models including earthquake ruptures involving several faults, to model the seismicity rates on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) system in the Marmara Region. Through an iterative approach, SHERIFS converts the slip rate on the faults into earthquake rates that follow a magnitude frequency distribution (MFD) defined at the fault system level, allowing us to model complex multi-fault ruptures and off-fault seismicity while exploring the underlying epistemic uncertainties. In a logic tree, we explore uncertainties concerning the locking state of the NAF in the Sea of Marmara, the maximum possible rupture in the system, the shape of the MFD and the ratio of off-fault seismicity. The branches of the logic tree are weighted according to the match between the modelled earthquake rate and the earthquake rates calculated from the local data, earthquake catalogue and palaeoseismicity. In addition, we use the result of the physics-based earthquake simulator RSQSim to inform the logic tree and increase the weight on the hypotheses that are compatible with the result of the simulator. Using both the local data and the simulator to weight the logic tree branches, we are able to reduce the uncertainties affecting the earthquake rates in the Marmara Region. The weighted logic tree of models built in this study will be used in a following article to calculate the probability of collapse of a building in Istanbul.



Chartier, Thomas / Scotti, Oona / Lyon-Caen, Hélène / et al: Modelling earthquake rates and associated uncertainties in the Marmara Region, Turkey. 2021. Copernicus Publications.


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