RESEARCH ON EVALUATION OF THE SPALLING DISEASE OF NICHE FOR BUDDHA IN GROTTOES
The niche for Buddha is an important part of the cultural relics in the grottoes, but it has caused serious spalling disease due to human activities and natural disasters. This paper presents a new quantitative evaluation method for the spalling disease of niche for Buddha. First, the random forest-based method was used to identify the niche for Buddha . Then, the spatial clustering of the head of the niche for Buddha was performed by DBSCAN, and the reference surface was determined by the RANSAC algorithm. Based on this, the spallation depth of the grotto surface was extracted and the relevant index elements were established. The experiment of point cloud data in Cave 18 of Yungang Grottoes proves the rationality of this method, which is of great significance to the protection and virtual restoration of cultural relics in grottoes.