Geometric estimation of volcanic eruption column height from GOES-R near-limb imagery – Part 2: Case studies

Horváth, Ákos; Girina, Olga A.; Carr, James L.; Wu, Dong L.; Bril, Alexey A.; Mazurov, Alexey A.; Melnikov, Dmitry V.; Hoshyaripour, Gholam Ali; Buehler, Stefan A.

In a companion paper (Horváth et al., 2021), we introduced a new technique to estimate volcanic eruption column height from extremely oblique near-limb geostationary views. The current paper demonstrates and validates the technique in a number of recent eruptions, ranging from ones with weak columnar plumes to subplinian events with massive umbrella clouds and overshooting tops that penetrate the stratosphere. Due to its purely geometric nature, the new method is shown to be unaffected by the limitations of the traditional brightness temperature method, such as height underestimation in subpixel and semitransparent plumes, ambiguous solutions near the tropopause temperature inversion, or the lack of solutions in undercooled plumes. The side view height estimates were in good agreement with plume heights derived from ground-based video and satellite stereo observations, suggesting they can be a useful complement to established techniques.

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Horváth, Ákos / Girina, Olga A. / Carr, James L. / et al: Geometric estimation of volcanic eruption column height from GOES-R near-limb imagery – Part 2: Case studies. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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