Accelerating Bayesian microseismic event location with deep learning

Spurio Mancini, Alessio; Piras, Davide; Ferreira, Ana Margarida Godinho; Hobson, Michael Paul; Joachimi, Benjamin

We present a series of new open-source deep-learning algorithms to accelerate Bayesian full-waveform point source inversion of microseismic events. Inferring the joint posterior probability distribution of moment tensor components and source location is key for rigorous uncertainty quantification. However, the inference process requires forward modelling of microseismic traces for each set of parameters explored by the sampling algorithm, which makes the inference very computationally intensive. In this paper we focus on accelerating this process by training deep-learning models to learn the mapping between source location and seismic traces for a given 3D heterogeneous velocity model and a fixed isotropic moment tensor for the sources. These trained emulators replace the expensive solution of the elastic wave equation in the inference process.

We compare our results with a previous study that used emulators based on Gaussian processes to invert microseismic events. For fairness of comparison, we train our emulators on the same microseismic traces and using the same geophysical setting. We show that all of our models provide more accurate predictions, inline-formula∼ 100 times faster predictions than the method based on Gaussian processes, and a inline-formula𝒪(105) speed-up factor over a pseudo-spectral method for waveform generation. For example, a 2 inline-formulas long synthetic trace can be generated in inline-formula∼ 10 ms on a common laptop processor, instead of inline-formula∼ 1 inline-formulah using a pseudo-spectral method on a high-profile graphics processing unit card. We also show that our inference results are in excellent agreement with those obtained from traditional location methods based on travel time estimates. The speed, accuracy, and scalability of our open-source deep-learning models pave the way for extensions of these emulators to generic source mechanisms and application to joint Bayesian inversion of moment tensor components and source location using full waveforms.



Spurio Mancini, Alessio / Piras, Davide / Ferreira, Ana Margarida Godinho / et al: Accelerating Bayesian microseismic event location with deep learning. 2021. Copernicus Publications.


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