Residual dipolar line width in magic-angle spinning proton solid-state NMR

Chávez, Matías; Wiegand, Thomas; Malär, Alexander A.; Meier, Beat H.; Ernst, Matthias

Magic-angle spinning is routinely used to average anisotropic interactions in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Due to the fact that the homonuclear dipolar Hamiltonian of a strongly coupled spin system does not commute with itself at different time points during the rotation, second-order and higher-order terms lead to a residual dipolar line broadening in the observed resonances. Additional truncation of the residual broadening due to isotropic chemical-shift differences can be observed. We analyze the residual line broadening in coupled proton spin systems based on theoretical calculations of effective Hamiltonians up to third order using Floquet theory and compare these results to numerically obtained effective Hamiltonians in small spin systems. We show that at spinning frequencies beyond 75 kHz, second-order terms dominate the residual line width, leading to a inline-formula M1inlinescrollmathml normal 1 / italic ω normal r 25pt14ptsvg-formulamathimg6f324e9ff4c50f81d4852fd620bd8bad mr-2-499-2021-ie00001.svg25pt14ptmr-2-499-2021-ie00001.png dependence of the second moment which we use to characterize the line width. However, chemical-shift truncation leads to a partial inline-formula M2inlinescrollmathml italic ω normal r - normal 2 21pt16ptsvg-formulamathimga6f481eebf84a7b3c24397e1a8103442 mr-2-499-2021-ie00002.svg21pt16ptmr-2-499-2021-ie00002.png dependence of the line width which looks as if third-order effective Hamiltonian terms are contributing significantly. At slower spinning frequencies, cross terms between the chemical shift and the dipolar coupling can contribute in third-order effective Hamiltonians. We show that second-order contributions not only broaden the line, but also lead to a shift of the center of gravity of the line. Experimental data reveal such spinning-frequency-dependent line shifts in proton spectra in model substances that can be explained by line shifts induced by the second-order dipolar Hamiltonian.

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Chávez, Matías / Wiegand, Thomas / Malär, Alexander A. / et al: Residual dipolar line width in magic-angle spinning proton solid-state NMR. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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