Sensitivity of Aeolus HLOS winds to temperature and pressure specification in the L2B processor

Šavli, Matic; Pourret, Vivien; Payan, Christophe; Mahfouf, Jean-François

The retrieval of wind from the first Doppler wind lidar of European Space Agency (ESA) launched in space in August 2018 is based on a series of corrections necessary to provide observations of a quality useful for numerical weather prediction (NWP). In this paper we examine the properties of the Rayleigh–Brillouin correction necessary for the retrieval of horizontal line-of-sight wind (HLOS) from a Fabry–Pérot interferometer. This correction is taking into account the atmospheric stratification, namely temperature and pressure information that are provided by a NWP model as suggested prior to launch. The main goal of the study is to evaluate the impact of errors in simulated atmospheric temperature and pressure information on the HLOS sensitivity by comparing the Integrated Forecast System (IFS) and Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle (ARPEGE) global model temperature and pressure short-term forecasts collocated with the Aeolus orbit. These errors are currently not taken into account in the computation of the HLOS error estimate since its contribution is believed to be small. This study largely confirms this statement to be a valid assumption, although it also shows that model errors could locally (i.e. jet-stream regions, below 700 inline-formulahPa over both earth poles and in stratosphere) be significant. For future Aeolus follow-on missions this study suggests considering realistic estimations of errors in the HLOS retrieval algorithms, since this will lead to an improved estimation of the Rayleigh–Brillouin sensitivity uncertainty contributing to the HLOS error estimate and better exploitation of space lidar winds in NWP systems.

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Šavli, Matic / Pourret, Vivien / Payan, Christophe / et al: Sensitivity of Aeolus HLOS winds to temperature and pressure specification in the L2B processor. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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