Even moderate geomagnetic pulsations can cause fluctuations of foF2 frequency of the auroral ionosphere

Yagova, Nadezda; Kozlovsky, Alexander; Fedorov, Evgeny; Kozyreva, Olga

The ionosonde at the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (SOD; 67inline-formula N, 27inline-formula E; Finland) routinely performs vertical sounding once per minute which enables the study of fast ionospheric variations at a frequency of the long-period geomagnetic pulsations Pc5–6/Pi3 (1–5 mHz). Using the ionosonde data from April 2014–December 2015 and colocated geomagnetic measurements, we have investigated a correspondence between the magnetic field pulsations and variations of the critical frequency of radio waves reflected from the ionospheric F2 layer (foF2). For this study, we have developed a technique for automated retrieval of the critical frequency of the F2 layer from ionograms. As a rule, the Pc5–6/Pi3 frequency band fluctuations in foF2 were observed at daytime during quiet or moderately disturbed space weather conditions. In most cases (about inline-formula80 %), the coherence between the foF2 variations and geomagnetic pulsations was low. However in some cases (specified as “coherent”) the coherence was as large as inline-formulaγ2≥0.5. The following conditions are favorable for the occurrence of coherent cases: enhanced auroral activity (6 h maximal auroral electrojet (AE) inline-formula≥800 nT), high solar wind speed (inline-formulaV>600 km/s), fluctuating solar wind pressure and northward interplanetary magnetic field. In the cases when the coherence was higher at shorter periods of oscillations, the magnetic pulsations demonstrated features typical for the Alfvén field line resonance.

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Yagova, Nadezda / Kozlovsky, Alexander / Fedorov, Evgeny / et al: Even moderate geomagnetic pulsations can cause fluctuations of foF2 frequency of the auroral ionosphere. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Nadezda Yagova et al.

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