Implications of the ongoing rock uplift in NW Himalayan interiors

Dey, Saptarshi; Thiede, Rasmus C.; Biswas, Arindam; Chauhan, Naveen; Chakravarti, Pritha; Jain, Vikrant

The Lesser Himalaya exposed in the Kishtwar Window (KW) of the Kashmir Himalaya exhibits rapid rock uplift and exhumation (inline-formula∼3 mm inline-formulayr−1) at least since the late Miocene. However, it has remained unclear if it is still actively deforming. Here, we combine new field, morphometric and structural analyses with dating of geomorphic markers to discuss the spatial pattern of deformation across the window. We found two steep stream segments, one at the core and the other along the western margin of the KW, which strongly suggest ongoing differential uplift and may possibly be linked to either crustal ramps on the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT) or active surface-breaking faults. High bedrock incision rates (inline-formula>3 mm inline-formulayr−1) on Holocene–Pleistocene timescales are deduced from dated strath terraces along the deeply incised Chenab River valley. In contrast, farther downstream on the hanging wall of the MCT, fluvial bedrock incision rates are lower (inline-formula<0.8 mm inline-formulayr−1) and are in the range of long-term exhumation rates. Bedrock incision rates largely correlate with previously published thermochronologic data. In summary, our study highlights a structural and tectonic control on landscape evolution over millennial timescales in the Himalaya.



Dey, Saptarshi / Thiede, Rasmus C. / Biswas, Arindam / et al: Implications of the ongoing rock uplift in NW Himalayan interiors. 2021. Copernicus Publications.


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