Pursuit of the ideal antiseptic irrigation solution in the management of periprosthetic joint infections

Siddiqi, Ahmed; Abdo, Zuhdi E.; Springer, Bryan D.; Chen, Antonia F.

Irrigation and debridement in the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) serve an integral role in the eradication of bacterial burden and subsequent re-infection rates. Identifying the optimal irrigation agent, however, remains challenging, as there is limited data on superiority. Direct comparison of different irrigation solutions remains difficult because of variability in treatment protocols. While basic science studies assist in the selection of irrigation fluids, in vitro results do not directly translate into clinical significance once implemented in vivo. Dilute povidone iodine, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine gluconate, acetic acid, sodium hypochlorite, hypochlorous acid, and preformed combination solutions all have potential against a broad spectrum of PJI pathogens with their own unique advantages and disadvantages. Future clinical studies are needed to identify ideal irrigation solutions with optimal bactericidal properties and low cytotoxicity for PJI treatment.

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Siddiqi, Ahmed / Abdo, Zuhdi E. / Springer, Bryan D. / et al: Pursuit of the ideal antiseptic irrigation solution in the management of periprosthetic joint infections. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Ahmed Siddiqi et al.

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