Performance analysis of an electro-hydrostatic actuator with high-pressure load sensing based on fuzzy PID

Zhang, Hong; Ding, Lan; Zhang, Wentao; Li, Chenchen

Electro-hydrostatic actuator (EHA) is an important form of power-by-wire (PBW) technology, which is widely used in aircraft because of the characteristics of small size, high power and light weight. However, the current traditional EHA with fixed pump displacement and variable motor speed (FPVM-EHA) has the problems of high energy consumption and heating of the motor under heavy load. An improved EHA with high-pressure load sensing (HPLS-EHA) is proposed in this paper, which can reduce the pump displacement under heavy load, so as to achieve reducing the torque and heating of the motor, solving the problem of high energy consumption of EHA system and improving the efficiency. The co-simulation model of the FPVM-EHA and the HPLS-EHA was established using the software programs AMESim and MATLAB, and then the simulation results are analysed. The simulation results show that the HPLS-EHA can reduce the torque and heat flow rate of the motor by 23.20 inline-formula% and 41.02 inline-formula% under the load of 20.2 inline-formulaMPa, and the fluctuation times and amplitude of output position are also reduced under varying loads at 5 inline-formulas, but it will slightly reduce the position accuracy of the EHA system. In order to solve this problem, the fuzzy PID control strategy is adopted for the HPLS-EHA. The simulation results show that the position accuracy and response speed of the HPLS-EHA based on fuzzy PID are improved, the output position is improved from 8.93 to 9.25 inline-formulamm, better than 9.19 inline-formulamm of the FPVM-EHA, and it also maintains the advantages of low motor torque, heating and output position fluctuation.

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Zhang, Hong / Ding, Lan / Zhang, Wentao / et al: Performance analysis of an electro-hydrostatic actuator with high-pressure load sensing based on fuzzy PID. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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