Investigation on the size effect in micro end milling considering the cutting edge radius and the workpiece material

Li, Yang; Cheng, Xiang; Zheng, Guangming; Liu, Huanbao

Previous research has found that the peripheral and end cutting edges of the cutter had different cutting mechanisms in the micro end cutting process considering the size effect. This investigation is a further study on this point considering the cutting edge radius of the cutter and the material of the workpiece based on the methods of finite element simulation and the micro end cutting experiment. This study adopts a combination of simulation and experiment research methods and the cutting edge radius and the workpiece material as two variables. Considering the cutting mechanisms of the peripheral cutting edge and the end cutting edge are different, the peripheral cutting edge and the end cutting edge are studied respectively. Meanwhile, the minimum undeformed chip thickness (MUCT) value is determined in three ways, chip morphology, cutting force, and surface roughness, so the final result obtained by comparing three kinds of results has a very important reference value. Not only are the chip morphology obtained by finite element simulation and the surface roughness obtained by the micro end cutting experiment used to identify the MUCT value, but also the cutting force. The simulation and experimental results show that the cutting force can be used to identify the MUCT value for the peripheral cutting edge, but it cannot be used for the end cutting edge. The MUCT value increases with the increase of the cutting edge radius, no matter which process it is. The material property has some effects on the MUCT value; even the cutting parameters and the cutting edge radius remain unchanged for the peripheral cutting edge. However, the material property has no effect on the MUCT value for the end cutting edge. In this study, the influence of important variables on MUCT is studied as much as possible to reflect a real application situation.

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Li, Yang / Cheng, Xiang / Zheng, Guangming / et al: Investigation on the size effect in micro end milling considering the cutting edge radius and the workpiece material. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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