Comparative analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs related to uterine involution in the ovine ovary and uterus

Yang, Heng; Fu, Lin; Luo, Qifeng; Li, Licai; Zheng, Fangling; Wen, Jiayu; Luo, Xingxiu; Li, Chenjing; Zhao, Zongsheng; Xu, Huihao; Wang, Gaofu

To examine the possible miRNA molecular regulatory mechanisms during maternal uterine involution after delivery, we selected ovary and uterus tissues that are structurally connected as experimental materials. We employed Illumina HiSeq sequencing to screen and analyze the quantity and characteristics of miRNA in postpartum ewes in the methylergometrine-treated group and physiological saline control group. Results showed that 16 miRNAs were identified in the ovary libraries, including 4 known miRNAs and 12 novel miRNAs. In the uterus libraries, 54 miRNAs were identified, which included 5 known miRNAs and 49 novel miRNAs. At the same time, target gene prediction, GO annotation, and KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis were employed. We found that maternal uterine involution after delivery may involve two miRNA-target gene pairs, i.e., miRNA-200a-ZEB1 and YAP1. The YAP1/Hippo signaling pathway is used to construct an ovary–uterine axial regulatory mechanism to regulate the restoration of postpartum maternal uterine morphology and function. In view of this, the identification of miRNAs with significant differences in this study fills a gap in research on miRNAs associated with regulation of postpartum uterine recovery in ewes and provided an important reference for comprehensive understanding and in-depth research on the regulatory molecular network mechanism for postpartum uterine involution in small ruminants.

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Yang, Heng / Fu, Lin / Luo, Qifeng / et al: Comparative analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs related to uterine involution in the ovine ovary and uterus. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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