The Environment and Climate Change Canada Carbon Assimilation System (EC-CAS v1.0): demonstration with simulated CO observations

Khade, Vikram; Polavarapu, Saroja M.; Neish, Michael; Houtekamer, Pieter L.; Jones, Dylan B. A.; Baek, Seung-Jong; He, Tai-Long; Gravel, Sylvie

In this study, we present the development of a new coupled weather and carbon monoxide (inline-formulaCO) data assimilation system based on the Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) operational ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF). The estimated meteorological state is augmented to include inline-formulaCO. Variable localization is used to prevent the direct update of meteorology by the observations of the constituents and vice versa. Physical localization is used to damp spurious analysis increments far from a given observation. Perturbed surface flux fields are used to account for the uncertainty in inline-formulaCO due to errors in the surface fluxes. The system is demonstrated for the estimation of three-dimensional inline-formulaCO states using simulated observations from a variety of networks. First, a hypothetically dense, uniformly distributed observation network is used to demonstrate that the system is working. More realistic observation networks, based on surface hourly observations, and space-based observations provide a demonstration of the complementarity of the different networks and further confirm the reasonable behavior of the coupled assimilation system. Having demonstrated the ability to estimate inline-formulaCO distributions, this system will be extended to estimate surface fluxes in the future.

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Khade, Vikram / Polavarapu, Saroja M. / Neish, Michael / et al: The Environment and Climate Change Canada Carbon Assimilation System (EC-CAS v1.0): demonstration with simulated CO observations. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Vikram Khade et al.

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