Consistency of total column ozone measurements between the Brewer and Dobson spectroradiometers of the LKO Arosa and PMOD/WRC Davos

Gröbner, Julian; Schill, Herbert; Egli, Luca; Stübi, René

Total column ozone measured by Brewer and Dobson spectroradiometers at Arosa and Davos, Switzerland, have systematic seasonal variations of around 1.5 % using the standard operational data processing. Most of this variability can be attributed to the temperature sensitivity of approx. +0.1 %/K of the ozone absorption coefficient of the Dobson spectroradiometer (in this study D101). While the currently used Bass and Paur ozone absorption cross-sections produce inconsistent results for Dobson and Brewer, the use of the ozone absorption cross-sections from citxref_text.1#bib1.bibx22Serdyuchenko et al. (#bib1.bibx222014) in conjunction with an effective ozone temperature dataset produces excellent agreement between the four Brewers investigated (of which two are double Brewers) and Dobson D101. Even though other ozone absorption cross-sections available in the literature are able to reduce the seasonal variability as well, all of those investigated produce systematic biases in total column ozone between Brewer and Dobson of +2.1 % to inline-formula−3.2 %. The highest consistency in total column ozone from Brewers and Dobson D101 at Arosa and Davos is obtained by applying the Rayleigh scattering cross-sections from citxref_text.2#bib1.bibx4Bodhaine et al. (#bib1.bibx41999), the ozone absorption cross-sections from citxref_text.3#bib1.bibx22Serdyuchenko et al. (#bib1.bibx222014), the effective ozone temperature from either ozone-sondes or the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and the measured line spread functions of Brewer and Dobson. The variability of 0.9 % between Brewer and Dobson for single measurements can be reduced to less than 0.1 % for monthly means. As shown here, the applied methodology produces consistent total column ozone datasets between Brewer and Dobson spectroradiometers, with average differences of 0.0 % and a remaining seasonal variability of 0.11 %. For collocated Brewer and Dobson spectroradiometers, as is the case for the Arosa and Davos total column ozone times series, this allows for the merging of these two distinct datasets to produce a homogeneous time series of total column ozone measurements. Furthermore, it guarantees the long-term future of this longest total column ozone time series, by proposing a methodology for how to eventually replace the ageing Dobson spectroradiometer with the state-of-the art Brewer spectroradiometer.

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Gröbner, Julian / Schill, Herbert / Egli, Luca / et al: Consistency of total column ozone measurements between the Brewer and Dobson spectroradiometers of the LKO Arosa and PMOD/WRC Davos. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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