Explicit modeling of isoprene chemical processing in polluted air masses in suburban areas of the Yangtze River Delta region: radical cycling and formation of ozone and formaldehyde

Zhang, Kun; Huang, Ling; Li, Qing; Huo, Juntao; Duan, Yusen; Wang, Yuhang; Yaluk, Elly; Wang, Yangjun; Fu, Qingyan; Li, Li

In recent years, ozone pollution has become one of the most severe environmental problems in China. Evidence from observations have showed increased frequency of high Oinline-formula3 levels in suburban areas of the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region. To better understand the formation mechanism of local Oinline-formula3 pollution and investigate the potential role of isoprene chemistry in the budgets of inline-formulaROxinline-formula M4inlinescrollmathml chem ( normal OH + normal HO normal 2 + normal RO normal 2 ) 91pt13ptsvg-formulamathimg4ae8019fe45adcf21a580be62ff43ac2 acp-21-5905-2021-ie00001.svg91pt13ptacp-21-5905-2021-ie00001.png radicals, synchronous observations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), formaldehyde (HCHO), and meteorological parameters were conducted at a suburban site of the YRD region in 2018. Five episodes with elevated Oinline-formula3 concentrations under stagnant meteorological conditions were identified; an observation-based model (OBM) with the Master Chemical Mechanism was applied to analyze the photochemical processes during these high Oinline-formula3 episodes. The high levels of Oinline-formula3, nitrogen oxides (NOinline-formulax), and VOCs facilitated strong production and recycling of ROinline-formulax radicals with the photolysis of oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) being the primary source. Our results suggest that local biogenic isoprene is important in suburban photochemical processes. Removing isoprene could drastically slow down the efficiency of ROinline-formulax recycling and reduce the concentrations of ROinline-formulax. In addition, the absence of isoprene chemistry could further lead to a decrease in the daily average concentrations of Oinline-formula3 and HCHO by 34 % and 36 %, respectively. Therefore, this study emphasizes the importance of isoprene chemistry in the suburban atmosphere, particularly with the participation of anthropogenic NOinline-formulax. Moreover, our results provide insights into the radical chemistry that essentially drives the formation of secondary pollutants (e.g., Oinline-formula3 and HCHO) in suburban areas of the YRD region.

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Zhang, Kun / Huang, Ling / Li, Qing / et al: Explicit modeling of isoprene chemical processing in polluted air masses in suburban areas of the Yangtze River Delta region: radical cycling and formation of ozone and formaldehyde. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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