AUTOMATIC ANTHROPOLOGICAL LANDMARKS RECOGNITION AND MEASUREMENTS
Many anthropological researches require identification and measurement of craniometric and cephalometric landmarks which provide valuable information about the shape of a head. This information is necessary for morphometric analysis, face approximation, craniafacial identification etc. Traditional techniques use special anthropological tools to perform required measurements, identification of landmarks usually being made by an expert-anthropologist. Modern techniques of optical 3D measurements such as photogrammetry, computer tomography, laser 3D scanning provide new possibilities for acquiring accurate 2D and 3D data of high resolution, thus creating new conditions for anthropological data analysis. Traditional anthropological manual point measurements can be substituted by analysis of accurate textured 3D models, which allow to retrieve more information about studied object and easily to share data for independent analysis. The paper presents the deep learning technique for anthropological landmarks identification and accurate 3D measurements. Photogrammetric methods and their practical implementation in the automatic system for accurate digital 3D reconstruction of anthropological objects are described.