Characterisation and surface radiative impact of Arctic low clouds from the IAOOS field experiment

Maillard, Julia; Ravetta, François; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Mariage, Vincent; Pelon, Jacques

The Ice, Atmosphere, Arctic Ocean Observing System (IAOOS) field experiment took place from 2014 to 2019. Over this period, more than inline-formula20 instrumented buoys were deployed at the North Pole. Once locked into the ice, the buoys drifted for periods of a month to more than a year. Some of these buoys were equipped with inline-formula808 nm wavelength lidars which acquired a total of inline-formula1777 profiles over the course of the campaign. This IAOOS lidar dataset is exploited to establish a novel statistic of cloud cover and of the geometrical and optical characteristics of the lowest cloud layer. The average cloud frequency from April to December over the course of the campaign was inline-formula75 %. Cloud occurrence frequencies were above inline-formula85 % from May to October. Single layers are thickest in October/November and thinnest in the summer. Meanwhile, their optical depth is maximum in October. On the whole, the cloud base height is very low, with the great majority of first layer bases beneath inline-formula120 m. In April and October, surface temperatures are markedly warmer when the IAOOS profile contains at least one low cloud than when it does not. This temperature difference is statistically insignificant in the summer months. Indeed, summer clouds have a shortwave cooling effect which can reach inline-formula−60inline-formulaW m−2 and balance out their longwave warming effect.

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Maillard, Julia / Ravetta, François / Raut, Jean-Christophe / et al: Characterisation and surface radiative impact of Arctic low clouds from the IAOOS field experiment. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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