Design optimization analysis of an anti-backlash geared servo system using a mechanical resonance simulation and experiment

Zhang, Lianchao; Liao, Hongbo; Fan, Dapeng; Fan, Shixun; Zheng, Jigui

In many mechatronic systems, gear transmission chains are often used to transmit motion and power between motors and loads, especially for light, small but large torque output systems. Gear transmission chains will inevitably bring backlash as well as elasticity of shafts and meshing teeth. All of these nonlinear factors will affect the performance of mechatronic systems. Anti-backlash gear systems can reduce the transmission error, but elasticity has to be considered too. The aim of this paper is to find the key parameters affecting the resonance and anti-resonance frequencies of anti-backlash gear systems and then to give the design optimization methods of improving performance, both from element parameters and mechanical designing. The anti-backlash geared servo system is modeled using a two-inertia approximate model; a method of computing the equivalent stiffness of anti-backlash gear train is proposed, which comprehensively considers the total backlash of transmission chain, gear mesh stiffness, gear shaft stiffness and torsional spring stiffness. With the inline-formulas-domain block diagram model of the anti-backlash geared servo system, the influences of four main factors on the resonance and anti-resonance frequencies of system are analyzed by simulation according to the frequency response, and the simulation analysis results dependent on torsional spring stiffness of anti-backlash gear pair and load moment of inertia variation are verified by the experiment. The errors between simulation and experimental results are less than 10 inline-formulaHz. With these simulation and experiment results, the design optimization methods of improving the resonance and anti-resonance frequencies such as designing the center distance adjusting mechanism to reduce the initial total backlash, increasing the stiffness of torsional spring and lightweight design of load are proposed in engineering applications.

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Zhang, Lianchao / Liao, Hongbo / Fan, Dapeng / et al: Design optimization analysis of an anti-backlash geared servo system using a mechanical resonance simulation and experiment. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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