An extended time series (2000–2018) of global NPP-VIIRS-like nighttime light data from a cross-sensor calibration

Chen, Zuoqi; Yu, Bailang; Yang, Chengshu; Zhou, Yuyu; Yao, Shenjun; Qian, Xingjian; Wang, Congxiao; Wu, Bin; Wu, Jianping

The nighttime light (NTL) satellite data have been widely used to investigate the urbanization process. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) stable nighttime light data and Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (NPP-VIIRS) nighttime light data are two widely used NTL datasets. However, the difference in their spatial resolutions and sensor design requires a cross-sensor calibration of these two datasets for analyzing a long-term urbanization process. Different from the traditional cross-sensor calibration of NTL data by converting NPP-VIIRS to DMSP-OLS-like NTL data, this study built an extended time series (2000–2018) of NPP-VIIRS-like NTL data through a new cross-sensor calibration from DMSP-OLS NTL data (2000–2012) and a composition of monthly NPP-VIIRS NTL data (2013–2018). The proposed cross-sensor calibration is unique due to the image enhancement by using a vegetation index and an auto-encoder model. Compared with the annual composited NPP-VIIRS NTL data in 2012, our product of extended NPP-VIIRS-like NTL data shows a good consistency at the pixel and city levels with inline-formulaR2 of 0.87 and 0.95, respectively. We also found that our product has great accuracy by comparing it with DMSP-OLS radiance-calibrated NTL (RNTL) data in 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2010. Generally, our extended NPP-VIIRS-like NTL data (2000–2018) have an excellent spatial pattern and temporal consistency which are similar to the composited NPP-VIIRS NTL data. In addition, the resulting product could be easily updated and provide a useful proxy to monitor the dynamics of demographic and socioeconomic activities for a longer time period compared to existing products. The extended time series (2000–2018) of nighttime light data is freely accessible at https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/YGIVCDhttps://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/YGIVCD (Chen et al., 2020).

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Chen, Zuoqi / Yu, Bailang / Yang, Chengshu / et al: An extended time series (2000–2018) of global NPP-VIIRS-like nighttime light data from a cross-sensor calibration. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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