Simulating synthetic tropical cyclone tracks for statistically reliable wind and pressure estimations

Nederhoff, Kees; Hoek, Jasper; Leijnse, Tim; van Ormondt, Maarten; Caires, Sofia; Giardino, Alessio

The design of coastal protection measures and the quantification of coastal risks at locations affected by tropical cyclones (TCs) are often based solely on the analysis of historical cyclone tracks. Due to data scarcity and the random nature of TCs, the assumption that a hypothetical TC could hit a neighboring area with equal likelihood to past events can potentially lead to over- and/or underestimations of extremes and associated risks. The simulation of numerous synthetic TC tracks based on (historical) data can overcome this limitation. In this paper, a new method for the generation of synthetic TC tracks is proposed. The method has been implemented in the highly flexible open-source Tropical Cyclone Wind Statistical Estimation Tool (TCWiSE). TCWiSE uses an empirical track model based on Markov chains and can simulate thousands of synthetic TC tracks and wind fields in any oceanic basin based on any (historical) data source. Moreover, the tool can be used to determine the wind extremes, and the output can be used for the reliable assessment of coastal hazards. Validation results for the Gulf of Mexico show that TC patterns and extreme wind speeds are well reproduced by TCWiSE.

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Nederhoff, Kees / Hoek, Jasper / Leijnse, Tim / et al: Simulating synthetic tropical cyclone tracks for statistically reliable wind and pressure estimations. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Kees Nederhoff et al.

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