Assessment of meteorology vs. control measures in the China fine particular matter trend from 2013 to 2019 by an environmental meteorology index

Gong, Sunling; Liu, Hongli; Zhang, Bihui; He, Jianjun; Zhang, Hengde; Wang, Yaqiang; Wang, Shuxiao; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Jie

A framework was developed to quantitatively assess the contribution of meteorology variations to the trend of fine particular matter (PMinline-formula2.5) concentrations and to separate the impacts of meteorology from the control measures in the trend, based upon the Environmental Meteorology Index (EMI). The model-based EMI realistically reflects the role of meteorology in the trend of PMinline-formula2.5 and is explicitly attributed to three major factors: deposition, vertical accumulation and horizontal transports. Based on the 2013–2019 PMinline-formula2.5 observation data and re-analysis meteorological data in China, the contributions of meteorology and control measures in nine regions of China were assessed separately by the EMI-based framework. Monitoring network observations show that the PMinline-formula2.5 concentrations have declined by about 50 % on the national average and by about 35 % to 53 % for various regions. It is found that the nationwide emission control measures were the dominant factor in the declining trend of China PMinline-formula2.5 concentrations, contributing about 47 % of the PMinline-formula2.5 decrease from 2013 to 2019 on the national average and 32 % to 52 % for various regions. The meteorology has a variable and sometimes critical contribution to the year-by-year variations of PMinline-formula2.5 concentrations, 5 % on the annual average and 10 %–20 % for the fall–winter heavy pollution seasons.

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Gong, Sunling / Liu, Hongli / Zhang, Bihui / et al: Assessment of meteorology vs. control measures in the China fine particular matter trend from 2013 to 2019 by an environmental meteorology index. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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