Design and control of the belt-polishing tool system for the blisk finishing process

Fan, Cheng; Xue, Caoyang; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Kejun; Wang, Qian; Gao, Yapeng; Lu, Lei

According to the structural characteristics of the blisk, a new adaptive belt tool system for blisk finishing is developed. The pneumatic servo system, which is composed of the cylinder, the servo valve, and the force sensor, is used to control the polishing force. Due to the strong nonlinearity of the pneumatic system, a two-dimensional fuzzy proportion, integral, derivative (PID) controller is developed for the pneumatic force control. The proposed controller adjusts the proportional, integral, and differential parameters of the traditional PID controller in real time through the error and error rate so as to optimize the control performance of the pneumatic system. Compared with the PID control, the steady-state error of the fuzzy PID control is reduced by 0.03 s and the overshoot is reduced by 4 %, which reveals the superiority of the fuzzy PID control algorithm for the nonlinear system. Finally, the experiments of polishing the blisk sample and the real blisk are carried out by the proposed belt tool system. The results show that the polishing process is very stable and the roughness after polishing is less than 0.4 inline-formulaµm, which proves the effectiveness of the proposed new belt tool system and the fuzzy PID controller.



Fan, Cheng / Xue, Caoyang / Zhang, Lei / et al: Design and control of the belt-polishing tool system for the blisk finishing process. 2021. Copernicus Publications.


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