Semi-annual variation of excited hydroxyl emission at mid-latitudes

Grygalashvyly, Mykhaylo; Pogoreltsev, Alexander I.; Andreyev, Alexey B.; Smyshlyaev, Sergei P.; Sonnemann, Gerd R.

Ground-based observations show a phase shift in semi-annual variation of excited hydroxyl (inline-formulaOH) emissions at mid-latitudes (43inline-formula N) compared to those at low latitudes. This differs from the annual cycle at high latitudes. We examine this behaviour by utilising an inline-formulaOH airglow model which was incorporated into a 3D chemistry–transport model (CTM). Through this modelling, we study the morphology of the excited hydroxyl emission layer at mid-latitudes (30–50inline-formula N), and we assess the impact of the main drivers of its semi-annual variation: temperature, atomic oxygen, and air density. We found that this shift in the semi-annual cycle is determined mainly by the superposition of annual variations of temperature and atomic oxygen concentration. Hence, the winter peak for emission is determined exclusively by atomic oxygen concentration, whereas the summer peak is the superposition of all impacts, with temperature taking a leading role.

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Grygalashvyly, Mykhaylo / Pogoreltsev, Alexander I. / Andreyev, Alexey B. / et al: Semi-annual variation of excited hydroxyl emission at mid-latitudes. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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