Training a convolutional neural network to conserve mass in data assimilation

Ruckstuhl, Yvonne; Janjić, Tijana; Rasp, Stephan

In previous work, it was shown that the preservation of physical properties in the data assimilation framework can significantly reduce forecast errors. Proposed data assimilation methods, such as the quadratic programming ensemble (QPEns) that can impose such constraints on the calculation of the analysis, are computationally more expensive, severely limiting their application to high-dimensional prediction systems as found in Earth sciences. We, therefore, propose using a convolutional neural network (CNN) trained on the difference between the analysis produced by a standard ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) and the QPEns to correct any violations of imposed constraints. In this paper, we focus on the conservation of mass and show that, in an idealised set-up, the hybrid of a CNN and the EnKF is capable of reducing analysis and background errors to the same level as the QPEns.

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Ruckstuhl, Yvonne / Janjić, Tijana / Rasp, Stephan: Training a convolutional neural network to conserve mass in data assimilation. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Yvonne Ruckstuhl et al.

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