Evaluation of thin film composite forward osmosis membranes: effect of polyamide preparation conditions

Kadhom, Aya Mohammed; Al-Furaiji, Mustafa Hussein; Abudi, Zaidun Naji

The forward osmosis (FO) process has been considered for desalination as a competitive option with respect to the traditional reverse osmosis process. The interfacial polymerization (IP) reaction between two monomers (i.e., m-phenylenediamine, MPD, and 1,3,5-benzenetricarbonyl chloride, TMC) is typically used to prepare the selective polyamide layer that prevents salts and allows water molecules to pass. In this research, we investigated the effect of preparation conditions (MPD contact time, TMC reaction time, and addition of an amine salt) on the FO performance in terms of water flux and salt flux. The results showed that increasing MPD contact time resulted in a significant increase in the water flux and salt flux. However, increasing TMC reaction time caused a decline in both the water flux and the salt flux. The optimum condition that gave the highest water flux (64 L minline-formula−2 hinline-formula−1) was found to be as 5 min for MPD and 1 min for TMC. The addition of an amine salt of camphorsulfonic acid-triethylamine (CSA-TEA) was able to have an apparent effect on the FO process by increasing the water flux (74.5 L minline-formula−2 hinline-formula−1).

Zitieren

Zitierform:

Kadhom, Aya Mohammed / Al-Furaiji, Mustafa Hussein / Abudi, Zaidun Naji: Evaluation of thin film composite forward osmosis membranes: effect of polyamide preparation conditions. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

Zugriffsstatistik

Gesamt:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:
12 Monate:
Volltextzugriffe:
Metadatenansicht:

Grafik öffnen

Rechte

Rechteinhaber: Aya Mohammed Kadhom et al.

Nutzung und Vervielfältigung:

Export