Detection of anomalies in the UV–vis reflectances from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument

Gorkavyi, Nick; Fasnacht, Zachary; Haffner, David; Marchenko, Sergey; Joiner, Joanna; Vasilkov, Alexander

Various instrumental or geophysical artifacts, such as saturation, stray light or obstruction of light (either coming from the instrument or related to solar eclipses), negatively impact satellite measured ultraviolet and visible Earthshine radiance spectra and downstream retrievals of atmospheric and surface properties derived from these spectra. In addition, excessive noise such as from cosmic-ray impacts, prevalent within the South Atlantic Anomaly, can also degrade satellite radiance measurements. Saturation specifically pertains to observations of very bright surfaces such as sunglint over open water or thick clouds. When saturation occurs, additional photoelectric charge generated at the saturated pixel may overflow to pixels adjacent to a saturated area and be reflected as a distorted image in the final sensor output. When these effects cannot be corrected to an acceptable level for science-quality retrievals, flagging of the affected pixels is indicated. Here, we introduce a straightforward detection method that is based on the correlation, inline-formular, between the observed Earthshine radiance and solar irradiance spectra over a 10 nm spectral range; our decorrelation index (DI for brevity) is simply defined as a DI of inline-formula1−r. DI increases with anomalous additive effects or excessive noise in either radiances, the most likely cause in data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), or irradiances. DI is relatively straightforward to use and interpret and can be computed for different wavelength intervals. We developed a set of DIs for two spectral channels of the OMI, a hyperspectral pushbroom imaging spectrometer. For each OMI spatial measurement, we define 14 wavelength-dependent DIs within the OMI visible channel (350–498 nm) and six DIs in its ultraviolet 2 (UV2) channel (310–370 nm). As defined, DIs reflect a continuous range of deviations of observed spectra from the reference irradiance spectrum that are complementary to the binary saturation possibility warning (SPW) flags currently provided for each individual spectral or spatial pixel in the OMI radiance data set. Smaller values of DI are also caused by a number of geophysical factors; this allows one to obtain interesting physical results on the global distribution of spectral variations.

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Gorkavyi, Nick / Fasnacht, Zachary / Haffner, David / et al: Detection of anomalies in the UV–vis reflectances from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument. 2021. Copernicus Publications.

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