Quantification of the role of stabilized Criegee intermediates in the formation of aerosols in limonene ozonolysis

Gong, Yiwei; Chen, Zhongming

Stabilized Criegee intermediates (SCIs) have the potential to oxidize trace species and to produce secondary organic aerosols (SOAs), making them important factors in tropospheric chemistry. This study quantitatively investigates the performance of SCIs in SOA formation at different relative humidity (RH) levels, and the first- and second-generation oxidations of endo- and exocyclic double bonds ozonated in limonene ozonolysis are studied separately. Through regulating SCI scavengers, the yields and rate constants of SCIs in a reaction system were derived, and the quantities of SCIs were calculated. The quantity of SOAs decreased by more than 20 % under low-humidity conditions (10 % RH–50 % RH), compared to that under dry conditions, due to the reactions of SCIs with water, while the inhibitory effect of water on SOA formation was not observed under high-humidity conditions (60 % RH–90 % RH). When using excessive SCI scavengers to exclude SCI reactions, it was found that the effect of water on SOA formation with the presence of SCIs was different from that without the presence of SCIs, suggesting that SCI reactions were relevant to the non-monotonic impact of water. The fractions of the SCI contribution to SOAs were similar between dry and high-humidity conditions, where the SCI reactions accounted for inline-formula∼ 63 % and inline-formula∼ 73 % in SOA formation in the first- and second-generation oxidation; however, marked differences in SOA formation mechanisms were observed. SOA formation showed a positive correlation with the quantity of SCIs, and the SOA formation potential of SCIs under high-humidity conditions was more significant than that under dry and low-humidity conditions. It was estimated that 20 %–30 % of SCIs could be converted into SOAs under high-humidity conditions, while this value decreased by nearly half under dry and low-humidity conditions. The typical contribution of limonene-derived SCIs to SOA formation is calculated to be (8.21 inline-formula± 0.15) inline-formula× 10inline-formula−2inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3 hinline-formula−1 in forest, (4.26 inline-formula± 0.46) inline-formula× 10inline-formula−2inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3 hinline-formula−1 in urban areas, and (2.52 inline-formula± 0.28) inline-formula× 10inline-formula−1inline-formulaµg minline-formula−3 hinline-formula−1 in indoor areas. Water is an uncertainty in the role SCIs play in SOA formation, and the contribution of SCIs to SOA formation needs consideration even under high RH in the atmosphere.



Gong, Yiwei / Chen, Zhongming: Quantification of the role of stabilized Criegee intermediates in the formation of aerosols in limonene ozonolysis. 2021. Copernicus Publications.


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Rechteinhaber: Yiwei Gong

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