Biogenic volatile organic compound ambient mixing ratios and emission rates in the Alaskan Arctic tundra

Angot, Hélène; McErlean, Katelyn; Hu, Lu; Millet, Dylan B.; Hueber, Jacques; Cui, Kaixin; Moss, Jacob; Wielgasz, Catherine; Milligan, Tyler; Ketcherside, Damien; Bret-Harte, M. Syndonia; Helmig, Detlev

Rapid Arctic warming, a lengthening growing season, and the increasing abundance of biogenic volatile-organic-compound-emitting shrubs are all anticipated to increase atmospheric biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in the Arctic atmosphere, with implications for atmospheric oxidation processes and climate feedbacks. Quantifying these changes requires an accurate understanding of the underlying processes driving BVOC emissions in the Arctic. While boreal ecosystems have been widely studied, little attention has been paid to Arctic tundra environments. Here, we report terpenoid (isoprene, monoterpenes, and sesquiterpenes) ambient mixing ratios and emission rates from key dominant vegetation species at Toolik Field Station (TFS; 68inline-formula38inline-formula N, 149inline-formula36inline-formula W) in northern Alaska during two back-to-back field campaigns (summers of 2018 and 2019) covering the entire growing season. Isoprene ambient mixing ratios observed at TFS fell within the range of values reported in the Eurasian taiga (0–500 parts per trillion by volume – pptv), while monoterpene and sesquiterpene ambient mixing ratios were respectively close to and below the instrumental quantification limit (inline-formula∼2 pptv). Isoprene surface emission rates ranged from 0.2 to 2250 inline-formulaµgC minline-formula−2 hinline-formula−1 (mean of 85 inline-formulaµgC minline-formula−2 hinline-formula−1) and monoterpene emission rates remained, on average, below 1 inline-formulaµgC minline-formula−2 hinline-formula−1 over the course of the study. We further quantified the temperature dependence of isoprene emissions from local vegetation, including Salix spp. (a known isoprene emitter), and compared the results to predictions from the Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature version 2.1 (MEGAN2.1). Our observations suggest a 180 %–215 % emission increase in response to a 3–4 inline-formulaC warming, and the MEGAN2.1 temperature algorithm exhibits a close fit with observations for enclosure temperatures in the 0–30 inline-formulaC range. The data presented here provide a baseline for investigating future changes in the BVOC emission potential of the under-studied Arctic tundra environment.

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Angot, Hélène / McErlean, Katelyn / Hu, Lu / et al: Biogenic volatile organic compound ambient mixing ratios and emission rates in the Alaskan Arctic tundra. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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