Respiration parameter determination with non-obstructive methods

Fisahn, Sven; Siebauer, Christian; Ringkamp, Jan; Dehning, Kirsten J.; Zimmermann, Stefan; Langejürgen, Jens

Measuring respiratory parameters like the breathing frequency or the tidal volume is essential in intensive care to ensure an optimal and lung protecting ventilation. A common practice in artificial ventilation of sensitive patients like infants or neonates is the use of uncuffed endotracheal tubes in combination with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). This comes with the disadvantage of an unknown leakage making it difficult to detect spontaneous breathing or to measure the tidal volume reliable. A novel non-obstructive method to determine respiratory parameters as well as dynamic changes of thoracic parameters has recently been presented and uses a pair of coupled UHF (ultra high frequency) antennae. In this paper, a respective setup is investigated numerically using finite difference time domain method and experimentally using an artificial lung phantom. Both approaches show that the investigated method seems capable of allowing a contactless triggering to synchronize natural and artificial breathing. The results are compared to derive a better understanding of influencing factors and opportunities for an optimisation.

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Fisahn, Sven / Siebauer, Christian / Ringkamp, Jan / et al: Respiration parameter determination with non-obstructive methods. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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