Characterization of the unsteady aerodynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine to surge motion

Mancini, Simone; Boorsma, Koen; Caboni, Marco; Cormier, Marion; Lutz, Thorsten; Schito, Paolo; Zasso, Alberto

The disruptive potential of floating wind turbines has attracted the interest of both the industry and the scientific community. Lacking a rigid foundation, such machines are subject to large displacements whose impact on aerodynamic performance is not yet fully explored. In this work, the unsteady aerodynamic response to harmonic-surge motion of a scaled version of the DTU 10 MW turbine is investigated in detail. The imposed displacements have been chosen representative of typical platform motion. The results of different numerical models are validated against high-fidelity wind tunnel tests specifically focused on the aerodynamics. Also, a linear analytical model relying on the quasi-steady assumption is presented as a theoretical reference. The unsteady responses are shown to be dominated by the first surge harmonic, and a frequency domain characterization, mostly focused on the thrust oscillation, is conducted involving aerodynamic damping and mass parameters. A very good agreement among the codes, the experiments, and the quasi-steady theory has been found, clarifying some literature doubts. A convenient way to describe the unsteady results in a non-dimensional form is proposed, hopefully serving as a reference for future works.

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Mancini, Simone / Boorsma, Koen / Caboni, Marco / et al: Characterization of the unsteady aerodynamic response of a floating offshore wind turbine to surge motion. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Simone Mancini et al.

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