In situ hydromechanical responses during well drilling recorded by fiber-optic distributed strain sensing

Zhang, Yi; Lei, Xinglin; Hashimoto, Tsutomu; Xue, Ziqiu

Drilling fluid infiltration during well drilling may induce pore pressure and strain perturbations in neighbored reservoir formations. In this study, we report that such small strain changes (inline-formula∼20inline-formulaµε) have been in situ monitored using fiber-optic distributed strain sensing (DSS) in two observation wells with different distances (approximately 3 and 9 inline-formulam) from the new drilled wellbore in a shallow water aquifer. The results show the layered pattern of the drilling-induced hydromechanical deformation. The pattern could be indicative of (1) fluid pressure diffusion through each zone with distinct permeabilities or (2) the heterogeneous formation damage caused by the mud filter cakes during the drilling. A coupled hydromechanical model is used to interpret the two possibilities. The DSS method could be deployed in similar applications such as geophysical well testing with fluid injection (or extraction) and in studying reservoir fluid flow behavior with hydromechanical responses. The DSS method would be useful for understanding reservoir pressure communication, determining the zones for fluid productions or injection (e.g., for inline-formulaCO2 storage), and optimizing reservoir management and utilization.

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Zhang, Yi / Lei, Xinglin / Hashimoto, Tsutomu / et al: In situ hydromechanical responses during well drilling recorded by fiber-optic distributed strain sensing. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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