Genomic analysis of GBS data reveals genes associated with facial pigmentation in Xinyang blue-shelled layers

Hou, Haobin; Wang, Xiaoliang; Zhang, Caiyun; Tu, Yingying; Lv, Wenwei; Cai, Xia; Xu, Zhigang; Yao, Junfeng; Yang, Changsuo

Facial pigmentation is an important economic trait of chickens, especially for laying hens, which will affect the carcass appearance of eliminated layers. Therefore, identifying the genomic regions and exploring the function of this region that contributes to understanding the variation of skin color traits is significant for breeding. In the study, 291 pure-line Xinyang blue-shelled laying hens were selected, of which 75 were dark-faced chickens and 216 were white-faced chickens. The population was sequenced and typed by GBS genotyping technology. The obtained high-quality SNPs and pigmentation phenotypes were analyzed by a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a inline-formulaFST scan. Based on the two analytical methods, we identified a same genomic region (10.70–11.60 Mb) on chromosome 20 with 68 significant SNPs (inline-formula−log 10(P)>6), mapped to 10 known genes, including NPEPL1, EDN3, GNAS, C20orf85, VAPB, BMP7, TUBB1, ELMO2, DDX27, and NCOA5, which are associated with dermal hyperpigmentation.

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Hou, Haobin / Wang, Xiaoliang / Zhang, Caiyun / et al: Genomic analysis of GBS data reveals genes associated with facial pigmentation in Xinyang blue-shelled layers. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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