Tracing the evolution of morphology and mixing state of soot particles along with the movement of an Asian dust storm

Xu, Liang; Fukushima, Satoshi; Sobanska, Sophie; Murata, Kotaro; Naganuma, Ayumi; Liu, Lei; Wang, Yuanyuan; Niu, Hongya; Shi, Zongbo; Kojima, Tomoko; Zhang, Daizhou; Li, Weijun

Tracing the aging progress of soot particles during transport is highly challenging. An Asian dust event could provide an ideal opportunity to trace the continuous aging progress of long-range-transported soot particles. Here, we collected individual aerosol particles at an inland urban site (T1) and a coastal urban site (T2) in China and a coastal site (T3) in southwestern Japan during an Asian dust event. Microscopic analysis showed that the number fraction of soot-bearing particles was 19 % and 16 % at T1 and T2 in China but surprisingly increased to 56 % at T3 in Japan. The dominant fresh soot (71 %) at T1 became partially embedded (68 %) at T2 and fully embedded (84 %) at T3. These results indicated that the tiny soot particles had lower deposition than other aerosol types and became more aged during the transport from T1 to T3. We quantified soot morphology using the fractal dimension and found an increasing trend of 1.65 at T1, 1.84 at T2, and 1.91 at T3. Furthermore, we found that the morphology compression of the soot aggregations was associated with secondary coating thickness and relative humidity. A unique mixing structure where multi-soot particles scattered in organic coatings instead of the sulfate core in individual core-shell particles was observed at T3 after the crossing of the East China Sea. The study provides understanding for important constraints of the soot morphological effects and provides a possible aging scale along with their transport pathway. These new findings will be helpful to improve optical calculations and regional climate modeling of soot particles during their transport in the atmosphere.

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Xu, Liang / Fukushima, Satoshi / Sobanska, Sophie / et al: Tracing the evolution of morphology and mixing state of soot particles along with the movement of an Asian dust storm. 2020. Copernicus Publications.

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